Government Positions

STATE CONSTITUTION

Action to secure a constitution that is clear, concise and confined to fundamentals. (1962)

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Action to support county home rule, with preference for charter. (1967, 1983, 1985)

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FISCAL POLICY:  Action to increase the budgetary authority of the legislature and to achieve a more effective budget process.   (1977, 2004)

BUDGET PROCESS (1977, 2004)

Support for:
  1. Increasing the budgetary authority of the legislature to achieve a more effective budget process.

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FISCAL POLICY

Action to promote an equitable and efficient fiscal structure for Maryland and to improve the fiscal relationships between the state and its political subdivisions. Action to support or oppose proposed changes to Maryland’s revenue structure, using certain principles to analyze and evaluate the proposed changes. Action to increase the budgetary authority of the legislature and to achieve a more effective budget process. (1976, 1981, 1999, 2004)

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FISCAL STRUCTURE (1976, 1981, 1999)

NO TEXT HERE!

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ETHICS

Background: LWVMD has never specifically studied governmental ethics. We have, however, strongly supported (in accordance with the LWVUS Principles and positions) legislation and administrative action which will make government more responsive and accountable to the voters, such as open meetings, accessibility of records to the public, and a code of ethics for government office holders and officials.
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ELECTION PROCESS
Action to assure fair campaigns and elections. Action to institute elections to fill vacancies in the General Assembly. Action to support a closed primary election, a mix of single and multi-member legislative districts and coterminous boundaries. Action to oppose term limits for members of the General Assembly. Action to assure an election system that is equitable, accessible, fiscally responsible, accountable and enforceable.  Opposition to a requirement for uniform voting systems unless funded by the state
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PRIMARY ELECTIONS, ELECTION DISTRICTS, TERM LIMITS (1993)

Support for:
  1. A closed primary election.
  2. A mix of single and multi-member districts. The following criteria should be used to decide which districts should be single and which should be multi-member:
    • a. full minority representation;
    • b. geographic integrity;
    • c. preservation of political and community boundaries;
    • d. compactness.
  3. Coterminous boundaries (Delegate districts nesting within Senate districts). 
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REDISTRICTING

Action to assure a state redistricting process and standards that promote fair and effective representation in the state legislature and House of Representatives with maximum opportunity for public scrutiny. (2004)
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VOTING RIGHTS AND ELECTION ADMINISTRATION

Support for:
  1. An election system that is equitable, accessible, fiscally responsible, accountable and enforceable. (1997 and 2001)
  2. Mandatory training for all election judges with the state providing basic training instructions.
  3. A minimum compensation level for election judges set by the state.

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FILLING VACANCIES IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY (1985, 1995)

Support for:
  1. Special primary and special general elections to fill vacancies in the Maryland General Assembly to be held at the same time as other regularly scheduled elections (tie-in elections).
  2. A temporary gubernatorial appointment to fill legislative vacancies based on local political party committee recommendations, until elections are held.

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FAIR CAMPAIGNS (1971, 1974, 1982) 

Support for:
  1. Fair campaign financing. (LWVUS position)
  2. Full disclosure. (LWVUS position)
  3. Limits on Election Day campaigning.
  4. Full enforcement of election laws.

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ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

Action to secure an effective, nonpartisan judiciary and to promote fair and appropriate sentencing, including the abolition of the death penalty; and a correctional system, including probation and other alternatives to incarceration, that protects society and prepares offenders for successful reintegration into the community.

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JUDICIARY (1963, 1964, 1967, 1970, 2009, 2010)

Support for:
  1. A Constitutional provision for a statewide, uniform, unified judicial system in which all judges are trained attorneys. (1963, reaffirmed 1967, expanded 2009)
  2. Appointment of judges by the governor based on recommendations of the judicial nominating commissions, with voter confirmation in nonpartisan merit retention elections. (1964, reaffirmed 1967, 1970, 2009)

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CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: (2005) 

Support for
  1. The abolition of the death penalty.
  2. For so long as Maryland has a death penalty, the League supports the following reforms for its equitable and consistent application:

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FIREARMS CONTROL

Action to strengthen gun control laws.   (1991)

Support for:
  1. Requirement of a proficiency test as part of the procedure for obtaining a hunting license.
  2. Restriction on the availability of handguns (not including the banning of handguns).

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JUVENILE CORRECTIONS 

Support for:
  1. Use of specialized judges, counseling services and administration of juvenile cases all geared to dealing with families.
  2. Small, regional juvenile institutions.

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 CORRECTIONS (1971, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1985, 1987, 2002, 2003)

Support for:
  1. Alternatives to incarceration in state prisons, e.g., community correctional facilities, halfway houses, group homes and other community-based services.
  2. A well-staffed correctional system which provides effective training and adequate salaries for correctional services staff.

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SENTENCING

Support for:
1. Sentencing based on the offense, the offender's previous record, aggravating or mitigating circumstances, and the impact on the victim.
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REGIONAL GOVERNANCE

We accept the Council of Governments (COG) as the basic instrument for cooperative regional planning and the solution of governmental problems that cannot be solved by local governments or other planning boards and agencies (1966, 1982).

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LAND USE/HOUSING

1. Regional land use planning for the Washington Metropolitan area should include a coordinated and comprehensive approach to meet housing needs.

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BELTWAY SAFETY

1. In order to control speeding and unsafe driving on the Capital Beltway and its feeder roads, we support:
     a) the use of additional patrol officers for increased visibility and enforcement, and
     b) the use of automated photographic speed enforcement devices as an additional system of speed enforcement

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